GEOGRAPHICAL INTRODUCTION OF HIMACHAL

/GEOGRAPHICAL INTRODUCTION OF HIMACHAL
GEOGRAPHICAL INTRODUCTION OF HIMACHAL 2018-08-02T10:24:39+00:00
हिमाचल प्रदेश अधीनस्थ सेवा चयन बोर्ड HPSSSB

HPAS/NT/ALLIED 

  • HAS PAPERS
  • SYLLABUS/BOOKS
  • NAIB TEHSILDAR
  • PAPERS/SYLLABUS
  • ALLIED SERVICES
  • PAPERS/SYLLAB
HIMACHAL  HISTORY
SURVEY+BUDGET

A beautiful hill state in the lap of Himalayas is the land of snowy mountains. The abode of snow stretched over an area of 55673 sq.km. is a paradise on earth. Himachal Pradesh was born as a result of the integration of 26 Shimla and 4 Punjab hill States into a Centrally Administered Area on April 15, 1948.


  STATE PROFILE

Total Area 55673 Sq. km
Total Population 68,56,509 *
Males 34,73,892*
Females 33,82,617*
Population Density 123*
Sex Ratio 974*
Literacy Rate 83.78%*
Male Literacy 90.83%*
Female Literacy 76.60%*
Rural Population 89.96%
Districts 12
Sub-Division 53
Tehsils 82
Sub-Tehsils 35
Developmental Blocks 77
Towns 59
Panchayats 3,243
Panchayat Smities 77
Zila Parishad 12
Urban Local Bodies 57
Nagar Nigam 1 (Shimla)
Nagar Parishad 25
Nagar Panchayats 27
Census Villages 20,690*
Total No. of Villages 20,690*
Health Institutions 3,866
Educational Institutions 17,000
Motorable Roads 34000 Kms.
Identified Hydroelectric Potential 23000.43 MW
Potential harnessed 7913 MW
Food grain production 15.79 lakh tones
Fruit Production 10.27 lakh tones
Per Capita Income Rs. 73,608 (2011-12)
Cantonment Board 7
Latitude 30o 22′ 40″ N to 33o 12′ 40″ N
Longitude 75o 45′ 55″ E to 79o 04′ 20″ E
Height (From mean sea Level) 350 meter to 7000 meter
Operational Holdings 9.68 lac hectares
   

The inhabitants are simple, hardworking, honest and straightforward. According to a survey, Himachal Pradesh is ranked as the second-least corrupt state in the country

The Himachal Pradesh first came into being as a centrally administered territory on April 15th, 1948 by the integration of 30 erstwhile princely States with an area of 27348 Sq.k.m. (10600 sq. miles) and population 935000. It had 4 districts and 24 tehsils. It was administered by a Chief Commissioner, aided and advised in the discharge of his functions by an Advisory Council Consisting of Nine members, three of whom represented the erstwhile princely States and Six being public representatives.

  • In 1951, it became a part ‘C’ State under Section 3 of Part ‘C’ State’s Act, 1951 and was brought under a Lt.
  • Governor with 36 members Legislative Assembly. The first election to the Assembly was held in 1952.
  • Congress won 24 seats and formed first people’s government headed by Dr. Y. S. Parmar.

In 1954 Bilaspur, another part-C State was merged with Himachal Pradesh and the strength of its Assembly was raised to 41. In 1956, despite majority recommendation of the States Reorganization Commission for its merger with Punjab, Himachal Pradesh retained its separate identity, thanks to the famous dissenting note of the Chairman of the Commission, Justice Sh. Fazal Ali which found favor with the Centre. But a great price had to be paid as Himachal was made a Union Territory; the Legislative Assembly was dissolved and was placed under an Administrator designated as Lt. Governor. The Legislative Assembly was substituted with a Territorial Council with limited powers.

Thereafter, the people and the political leadership of the State had to literally move heaven and earth for the restoration of the democratic edifice. Their efforts finally bore fruit in 1963, when a bill was passed by the Union Parliament for providing Legislative Assemblies and Council of Ministers to certain Union Territories including H.P. It was enforced in the case of Himachal Pradesh from July 1st, 1963 after receiving President’s assent.

The Territorial Council a replica of the dyarchical form of government was converted into a Legislative Assembly of the Union Territory. The strength of the Assembly was fixed at 43 including 2 nominated members. The Assembly held its first sitting on October 1st, 1963. Continuity of the Assembly is considered from this date hence its silver jubilee was celebrated in the year 1988. With the merger of new areas into Himachal Pradesh in 1966, the number of members in the House rose to 56 including 2 nominated. The strength of the House was further raised to 63 (60 elected and 3 nominated) after section 24 (3) of Punjab Reorganization Act, 1966 (Act No. 31 of 1966) came into force in 1967.

Finally, it was on January 25th, 1971 that a big leap forward was taken and the abode of gods (‘Devbhumi’) made its debut as the 18th State of the Union of India. The declaration of a full-fledged State came from the then Prime Minister of India Mrs. IndiraGandhi from the historic Ridge Maidan. Since the delimitation of Assembly seats in the year 1971-72, the number of Members in the Assembly stands at 68.

                                        

UPSC IAS
HIMACHAL  ADMINISTRATION
HP ART &CULTURE
MISCELLANEOUS HP GK

CHRONOLOGY/IMP DATES

1857

CURRENT AFFAIRS