tribes and castes of himachal

/tribes and castes of himachal
tribes and castes of himachal 2018-07-27T12:47:36+00:00
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Himachal Pradesh is a multi-religion, multi-cultural as well as multi-lingual state like other Indian states. Around 96% of the population of the state is of Hindus. The major communities include Brahmins, Rajputs, Choudharies, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. The tribal population comprises the Gaddis, Kinnars, gadoun, (jadoun) Tanolis, Gujjars, Pangawals and Lahaulis

Anicent castes and Tribe of Himachal Pradesh

Dasas Dasas or Dasyus were the earliest inhabitants of the shivalik hills also mention in Rigveda  or called Kolies basically they live in area between yammuna and beas river
Khasas The Khasas are basically second branch of Aryanas, who proceed the vedic Aryan  manu the ancient law maker  recognized khasas as kashtriya they are  distributed in in shimla ,sirmour , parts  of kinnaur and  kullu
Kunindas They are lived in the region between satlej and Yamuna (shimla ,sirmour ,ambala ,they can be identified nowadays as kanets they had republican form of administration
Kirats They low castes people who lived in region between Yamuna and satluj in lower shivaliks  they were well organized society having law and order
Kinners They are described in puranic text as a demigods who existed  in the mountainous  track in the upper Himalayas  basically the area of kinnaur
Nagas They were known as worshipers  of serpents living in the Himalaya there powerful king was the Kali Vasuki and Taskshaka established  their settlements
Yakshas Yakshas having mysterious magical power and Knows as  “tree gods “ are worshiped as jakhas  by the Hills Peoples

Modern castes and Tribe

Rajputs The Rajputs formed the largest part of poplution Rathore, sen , katoch , parmar, chandel, Bhatti , gehlot ,vhauhan , Patial, Tomar are popular clan of Rajputs
Brahmin They are 2nd largest group in himachal they dived in three group  first group are descendents   of those Brahmin  who accompanied the rajput from the plains ,2nd group comprised the sarswat and kanyubj brahmin ,third group comprised agriculture Brahmin
Girths Girths  or chowdharys  come next  in number to Rajputs and Brahmin basically they are largest backward class (OBC) Community in the state They are very hard worker and successful  cultivators  mostly they found in Kangra , Hamirpur , Una  and Bilaspur  district
Mahajans They are locally called shah or Sahukar  (one who lending money)the group are prosperous and service class people  and mainly lived in region of  kangra ,kullu, solan,Mandi,hamirpur chamba
Sood They well known Merchants  popular for their trading as well as in service  and hospitality industry  major concentration  of sood in  kangra  and also found in Shimla
Lohars They are blacksmith is one of the village menials receiving customary dues in form of a share of agriculture  produce
Rathis  The Rathis are essentially and agricultural class are  found in Kangra and chamba region

Tribes in himachal  Pradesh

 Gaddies They are descendents  of the Khatris of Punjab who granted to Hills due to Persecution by the muslim rulers They semi Nomdaic  semi –Pastoral and semi agricultural  lived in bhrmour area of chamba  district
Gujjars They are mostly Pastoral  and live a purely  nomadic life
Pangwals Basically the are people of pangi in chamba region
Lahulis They are inhabitants  of Lahaul spiti  re of HP  as famous tribe known as Bhots
Swanglas They are Scheduled tribes  and occupying in pattan valley  along bank of Chandra-Bhaga  river in lahual spiti district
Khampa- The also referred as  Gyagar  are belived to be migrants from Tibet they are scattered Kullu . Chamba ,kinnaur and lahaul Spiti districts
Jads  They Buddhist  in the area of chamba and pangi
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